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S Art of Living

Art of Living

Moderation: Parto Teherani-Krönner

Contributors are Sobia Maqsood and Sabrina Carvalho, Carla Fernandes and Tanveer Ahmad Khan, Sobia Maqsood, Parto Teherani-Krönner.



Presentation by Sabrina Carvalho and Sobia Maqsood: "Problems and Challenges associated with Marital Satisfaction:  A Sociological Study of Young Married Women in Pakistani Society" - Presentation Session Part 1


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Marital satisfaction is one of the life aspects that determine married life's permanence and durability. Marital satisfaction refers to a condition in which both the husband and wife are content with each other and their marriage. The goal of this study was to examine marital satisfaction and some of the elements that influence it in Pakistani society. The subject of marital satisfaction is an important subject of research in the context of marriage and family interactions. This has not been widely researched in Pakistan, a conservative patriarchal Islamic society where studies on psychiatric morbidity have revealed marital troubles as a cause of prevalent mental disorders. CMDs tend to be more prevalent in young married women under 30 than in older married women. In the current investigation, we used a qualitative case study approach to investigate the construct of marital satisfaction and to assess its applicability. The findings show that, contrary to popular opinion, most women stated a desire to be content within their marriage. Many women were frightened of hurting or offending their parents by openly expressing their discontent with their husband's choice or with their marriage. Pakistani women regard marriage as a societal and familial obligation that necessitates flexibility, something that males rarely do. The concept of marital happiness is a viable issue for study and research in Pakistan, and more research in this field is needed.


Presentation by Carla Fernandes: "Biocultural Diversity in Brazilian Biomes. Concept identification in ecological-themed songs to Environmental Education" - Presentation Session Part 2


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The data is very useful but the music moves. Currently, after decades of debates and progressive access to information on socio-environmental issues, they have not yet resulted in the necessary changes to reverse the situation of environmental degradation and crisis. Human Ecology, due to its interdisciplinary nature, can help us to broaden our perception of the world through the use of music – a way to unite thought and feeling. In this essay we chose two songs analyzed in the master's thesis to understand the threats to the Biocultural Diversity of two Brazilian biomes: Amazon and Atlantic Forest. Biocultural Diversity emerges as an alternative to find ways to sustainability through the valorization of knowledge, practices, beliefs and values of traditional communities and social groups. Human Ecology, in view of its multidisciplinary essence, is constantly updated to find new and better practices in education and socio-environmental management. The ecological-themed songs "A Saga da Amazônia" by Vital Farias and "Matança" by Jatobá, in addition to sharing Biocultural Diversity, can suggest reflections about resilience planetary and promote engaged environmental education.


Presentation by Fritz Reheis: "Just Save the World? - About Complexity, Education and Resonance" - Presentation Session Part 3


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In view of the many challenges (e.g. climate change), supposedly simple ways of saving the world are often recommended. These usually rely on changing consumer behaviour, i.e. on educating the consumer. The contribution shows which systematic difficulties stand in the way of this goal. It then points out that political education is a necessary complement, which in itself proves to be complex. Thus, in order to enable an integrative educational process, the article proposes a didactic approach based on an combination of the "ecology of time" and the "theory of resonance". In this way we can describe and explain our relations to nature, society and ourselves as determined by synchronisation of fundamental inherent times which are at the core unavailable processes.